Sunday, January 12, 2020

Materialistic Americans Essay

â€Å"With these words I can sell you anything† by William Lutz and â€Å"At sale at Old Navy: Cool Clothes for Identical Zombies! † by Damien Cave the readings explain how Americans are fooled into purchasing so many unnecessary things that most of the time don’t do what they promise when advertised as well as how the buyers themselves are blinded and don’t realized that they are wasting money, all because of the value of their pride and their need to be better than everyone else yet they are doing the same things as millions of other Americans. Although it seems correct that most people should be materialistic, it’s not a good thing because this form of living is damaging American’s values in many ways and advertisements are just making it worst. In Cave’s excerpt he explains how most Americans have become so materialistic now and that it’s becoming a big issue. In one part Cave says, â€Å"Consumers are being scammed, says Klein, arguing that stores like Old Nave and Ikea are duping millions, inspiring mass conformity while pretending to deliver high culture to the masses† (109). This explains how Americans are so gullible when it comes to buying products because most of the time they don’t really look into what they are buying they just want to own what everyone else has because that makes them â€Å"fit† it into this materialistic society because it’s all about hierarchy and who’s on top of everyone else. â€Å"Klein and Frank say that few consumers recognize just how conformist their consumption habits have become† (Cave 109). Some people do realize that they do over spend but they still don’t do anything about it because they always want more. There are many adults that think that buying so many things for themselves and their families is good because people always want to have the best things that are out there for their loved ones without realizing that they’re just giving money away to things they don’t really need. â€Å"At virtually every opening of Old Navy’s and Ikea’s stores-in the New York, Chicago, and San Francisco areas, for example- tens of thousand of people appeared in the first few days. Even now, long after the stores first opened, lines remain long† (Cave 110). Americans value so much their pride to be over achievers and be better than everyone else they come across but yet they aren’t much different from other people because they spend as much as every other person who might not have that much money because everyone’s values are similar. In Lutz’s excerpt he explains how Advertisements usually don’t promise what they offer and take people for fools but yet people keep buying more. He states, â€Å"The biggest weasel word used in advertising doublespeak is ‘help’† (114). He explains how people are manipulated into buying products all the time that will help them with a desire objective and they are influenced by the advertisements. The things that people wear, drink, eat, etc are all influenced by something or someone, how else did they ever hear or see about those products. Advertisements are everywhere, people that see all these advertisements of products think those products apply to them because they know everyone else that will see them will want them too and they don’t to feel left out in not being part of the revolution of that product. Lutz also says, â€Å"Whenever advertisers want you to stop thinking about the product and to start thinking about something bigger, better, or more attractive than the product, they use that very popular weasel word, ‘like’† (119). American’s values are on risk when it comes to advertisements because people want their families to be well and grow a certain way, but that can’t happen when their television and billboards selling things that are out of the comfort of some people. Only by becoming an active, critical consumer of the double speak of advertising will you ver be able to cut through the doublespeak and discover what the ad is really saying† (Lutz 120). Americans value so much their pride and the liberty to do whatever they want that they think buying so much stuff applies to them. Americans also value their Independence in this country but it’s also being ruined by advertisements because how can people be independent when they are buying the same things as everyone else and are being exploited all at the same time? If people keep getting sucked into buying every little thing they see hey will doing the opposite of what they believe in, they will just be shaming who they are as Americans. Americans need to realize that buying everything that is advertised isn’t doing them any good. they will lose so much money on things they don’t really need and all for what? to be better than everyone else? People have forgotten about being independent and doing their own thing when it comes to having a different lifestyle from others. How can they take pride in themselves when they are just alike to everyone else and that’s what the readings explain, to not be gullible when it comes to this topic

Friday, December 27, 2019

Running Delphi Applications With Parameters

Though it was much more common in the days of DOS, modern operating systems also let you run command line parameters against an application so that you can specify what the application should do. The same is true for your Delphi application, whether it be for a console application or one with a GUI. You can pass a parameter from Command Prompt in Windows or from the development environment in Delphi, under the Run Parameters menu option. For this tutorial, well be using the parameters dialog box to pass command line arguments to an application so that itll be as if were running it from Windows Explorer. ParamCount and ParamStr() The ParamCount function returns the number of parameters passed to the program on the command line, and ParamStr returns a specified parameter from the command line. The OnActivate event handler of the main form is usually where the parameters are available. When the application is running, its there that they can be retrieved. Note that in a program, the CmdLine variable contains a string with command line arguments specified when the application was started. You can use CmdLine to access the entire parameter string passed to an application. Sample Application Start up a new project and place a Button component on Form. In the buttons OnClick event handler, write the following code: procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject) ;begin ShowMessage(ParamStr(0)) ; end; When you run the program and click the button, a message box appears with the path and file name of the executing program. You can see that ParamStr works even if you havent passed any parameters to the application; this is because the array value 0 stores the file name of the executable application, including path information. Choose Parameters from the Run menu, and then add Delphi Programming to the drop-down list. Note: Remember that when you pass parameters to your application, separate them with spaces or tabs. Use double quotes to wrap multiple words as one parameter, like when using long file names that contain spaces. The next step is to loop through the parameters using ParamCount() to get the value of the parameters using ParamStr(i). Change the buttons OnClick event handler to this: procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject) ;var j:integer; beginfor j : 1 to ParamCount do ShowMessage(ParamStr(j)) ; end; When you run the program and click the button, a message appears that reads Delphi (first parameter) and Programming (second parameter).

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Carbon Dioxide Experiment in Photosynthesis - 1311 Words

Without carbon dioxide plants cannot photosynthesize. Through reading various books and web pages it was made clear that carbon dioxide is definitely one of the raw materials needed for photosynthesis, but I wanted to see whether this is actually true and if carbon dioxide is taken away completely will the plant photosynthesize at all? By taking a two plants of the exact same species, de-starching them both followed by putting plant one in conditions where carbon dioxide is taken away completely, and plant two will then be put in conditions where carbon dioxide is added, after a day or two in these conditions leaves from both plants will be tested for starch, if the leaf tests positive for starch it means that the plant has†¦show more content†¦All sources ultimately made it clear that carbon dioxide is very necessary for photosynthesis as well as the amount of carbon dioxide affecting the rate at which a plant can photosynthesize. Methodology and presentation of findings Method: †¢ Step 1: get two well watered pot plants of the same species and put them in a dark place for about 48 hours so that they use up their starch. †¢ Step 2: do the starch test (see from step 6-11) to make sure there is no starch present. †¢ Step 3: put each plant under a bell jar and on top of a glass plate where you put Vaseline around to prevent any outside air from coming in and any inside air from escaping out. †¢ Step 4: In bell jar #1 put sodium bicarbonate solution in a small beaker to release carbon dioxide into the jar. †¢ Step 5: In bell jar #2 put sodium hydroxide solution in a small beaker to absorb any carbon dioxide that may be present inside the jar. †¢ Step 6: leave both jars in a warm sunny place for about 48 hours and then test a leaf from each plant for starch. †¢ Step 7: put each leaf in a beaker of boiling water to soften them. †¢ Step 8: put each leaf into a test tube with ethanol and then put that test tube in a beaker of boiling water to bring the ethanol to a boil; this is to extract any green colour from the leaf. †¢ Step 9: take each leaf out withShow MoreRelatedThe Influence of Light on Photosynthesis1500 Words   |  6 Pagesinfluence of light on Photosynthesis Table of contents Front page and table of contents Page 1 Introduction Page 2 Review of literature Page 3 and 4 Methodology and presentation of findings Page 5 and 6 Procession of findings Page 7 Conclusion Page 8 Introduction In this project I believe the outcome will be that light energy is essential for photosynthesis to occur. The aim was to show that light is necessary for photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process of convertingRead MorePhotosynthesis Lab Report866 Words   |  4 Pages Photosynthesis Lab 8 Section 022 Kaileen Savage Tanushree Majumber Introduction â€Å"Photosynthesis is a biochemical process for building carbohydrates using energy from sunlight and carbon dioxide taken from the air†, (Morris, J. (2016) Biology How Life Works. New York, NY.). It is a system that uses plants and specific algae to synthesize molecules from both water and carbon dioxide. The oxygen we breathe and the food we eat is fueled by photosynthesis because it is anRead MoreCarbon Dioxide And The Rate Of Photosynthesis1315 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract Photosynthesis is directly affected by specific factors such as the level of carbon dioxide and the amount of light. In this study, we try to prove whether or not there is a significant statistical difference between the level of carbon dioxide and the rate of photosynthesis. To do this we investigated an aquatic plant, Elodea. A test was conducted to study the rate of photosynthesis which in this case was by observation of the number of gas bubbles produced when the plant was placed inRead MoreThe Effect Of Photosynthesis On The Rate Of Photosynthesis1660 Words   |  7 PagesAbstract: During photosynthesis plants take light energy and turn it into chemical energy. The purpose of the study was to test the effect of various lighting conditions on the rate of photosynthesis. In this experiment the rate of photosynthesis is measured by timing how long it takes photosynthesis to occur in ten leaf disks that are in a solution of carbon dioxide. The prediction for this experiment was t hat if a plant receives more light, then it will have a higher rate of photosynthesis. The data supportsRead MorePhotosynthesis And Cellular Respiration. Photosynthesis1032 Words   |  5 PagesPhotosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis and respiration are reactions that complement each other in the environment. In reality, they are the same reactions, but they occur in reverse. During photosynthesis, carbon dioxide and water yield glucose and oxygen. Through the respiration process, glucose and oxygen yield carbon dioxide and water. They work well because living organisms supply plants with carbon dioxide, which undergoes photosynthesis and produces glucose, and these plantsRead MoreThe Relevance Of Photosynthesis And Nature1545 Words   |  7 Pages The Relevance Of Photosynthesis To Nature The natural light that shines onto the Earth is said to be the driving force behind all life. It’s fascinating to find out that the green matter around us that we tend to take for granted is mankind’s source of energy - which is a necessity for every living being even in its lowest form. We can literally define photosynthesis as ‘synthesis with the help of light’. It is also defined as the basic process of life whereby plants absorb energy from sunlightRead MorePhotosynthesis Is The Conversion Of Light Energy Essay1371 Words   |  6 PagesPhotosynthesis is the conversion of light energy to chemical energy. There are many different factors that can affect the rate of photosynthesis, those being light intensity, the temperature of the water, the amount of carbon dioxide in the water, and the color of the light. In this experiment we chose to alter the color of light that was used in the process involving the aquatic plant Elodea while maintaining the other 3 factors. This experiment was conducted to see how much of an effect the colorRead MoreLight Is A Form Of Energy That Travels Through Electromagnetic Waves1252 Words   |  6 Pagescan either be absorbed, reflected, or refracted. Light is necessary in photosynthesis as it absorbed by the chloroplast and it excites electrons of the atoms in the thylakoid. The excited electrons then release energy when they go back to ground state in the electron transport chain where the energy is used to change ADP into ATP and perform photolysis which products are needed to create glucose in the Calvin cycle. Photosynthesis is important to life on earth because one product of the reaction isRead MoreThe Importance of Light During the Photosynthesis Process1713 Words   |  7 PagesPhotosynthesis is a chemical process by which green plants use the radiant energy to synthesize certain nutrients using water and carbon dioxide. This process to happen efficiently it requires the presence of light, wa ter carbon dioxide, chlorophyll and enzymes. During the process of photosynthesis, carbon dioxide plus water in the presence of sunlight, enzymes and chlorophyll produce glucose and oxygen as waste product. The radiant energy is broken down the water into hydrogen atom and oxygen atomsRead MoreHow Photosynthesis Is A Redox Response1277 Words   |  6 PagesPhotosynthesis is a redox response, which obliges carbon dioxide, water and light to deliver water and a 6-carbon sugar. Amid this response H2O is oxidized and CO2 is lessened. The methodology of photosynthesis comprises of 2 sections; a light response and a light-free response. The strategy for changing light vitality into concoction vitality for the development of NADPH and ATP is done through the light responses. Light autonomous responses use carbon dioxide and the results of light responses

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Victim or Villain free essay sample

Throughout the play, Shylock is portrayed as many things, both victim and villain, therefore making him an extremely ambiguous character. On one hand, he is a very villainous character as shown when he declares that he wishes his daughter was ‘†¦dead at my food, and the jewels in her ear. ’ This quote clearly shows his desire for wealth rather than love or family. On the other hand, Shylock is shown to be a victim when he claims that ‘Suff’rance is the badge of my tribe’ overtly showing that he accepts his place at the bottom of the social hierarchy. Because of this, despite all of the angles from which he could be viewed as a villain, I strongly believe that he is a victim. He is further illustrated as a villain when he is cursing Antonio behind his back with his speech beginning ‘I hate him for he is a Christian’ when he is claiming that Antonio, because he lends out money freely or ’gratis’, is bringing down the rate that he can charge interest at, thus reducing the profits that he can make. We will write a custom essay sample on Victim or Villain or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He also believes that, whether right or wrong, Antonio lends out money this way not as in a sense of loyalty or friendship but rather in a way to improve his public image by showing off his wealth but also that he is a very modest and unassuming man. Furthermore, in this internal monologue Shylock also indicates that he is also a firm believer in prejudges, not so different from those of the Christians when he proclaims to the audience that ‘I hate him for he is a Christian’ which explicitly implies that he would act just as the Christians do I he was in their position. Obviously, the main passage of play where Shylock is portrayed as a villain is when the bond is first agreed, especially the point when he first suggests that, ‘for a merry sport’, he will forfeit a ‘pound of his fair flesh’ if he does not pay back the three thousand ducats at ‘such a time and such a place’. Despite the fact that this may be seen as sarcasm, or perhaps a ‘spur of the moment’ proclamation, the fact that Shylock later goes and seals this forfeit in a contract. Of course, this one moment of villainy will come back to haunt Shylock throughout the play, eventually resulting in his forced change in faith, converting from Judaism to Christian. Another interesting moment of Shylock’s clear villainy caused by the creation of this bond is uncovered during the trial scene when Shylock is offered the original sum many times increased but would rather have his worthless pound of flesh, showing yet again how villainous he is. During the scene from which the above quote is taken, Shylock is further portrayed as a villain when he takes a moment to patronise Antonio by abusing his momentary power by say ‘Hath a dog money? Is it possible a cur can lend 3,000 ducats? ’ Despite the fact that one may say that he is justified as Antonio and Bassanio have in fact called him those exact words; by coming to him to borrow money they are coming to him in a business related manner which should mean that all past experiences are momentarily put behind them so that they can discuss business without prejudice seeping into negotiations. Whilst one might argue that Shylock would rarely if ever be in apposition of absolute power, abusing that power would make him even more hated within the Christian community. Furthermore, Shylock has the ability to make money from this loan and insulting potential business clients is hardly a good way to start a transaction involving large sums of money. Shylock is also shown to be a villain for the majority of the court case, especially when he says ‘My deeds upon my head! I crave the law, the penalty and forfeit of my bond’ which shows just how cold hearted he is and how obsessed he is with the acquisition of his pound of flesh, almost like a child at Christmas, pestering his or her parents for their presents. As I have outlined before, this yet again shows how much he would rather have a worthless pound of human flesh instead of 6,000 ducats, a small fortune at the time. As a final point for the ‘villain’ argument, I am using Jessica’s line of ‘Our house is hell’ which she says to Lancelot just before eloping with Lorenzo. This line just shows how horrible it is to live under the watchful, controlling even abusive eye of Shylock, even for his daughter. Although we are not told this, it can be expected that he was equally controlling through Jessica’s earlier life, resulting in her not having many friends or social interactions with people her own age which would cause her to be difficult and demanding. Because of this there is an implication that Shylock would have been much harsher than a normal parent would. However, in reference to my second paragraph, one could say that it is perfectly reasonable that he may hate Christians, as the Christians hate him and it is a common moral that you should treat others as one should expect to be treated, thus justifying his hatred. Later in the play, Shylock also makes his ‘To bait fish withal’ speech which reflects his need to be able to treat others as he is treated. In addition to this, in his ‘I hate him for he is a Christian’ he goes on to say that Antonio, by lending out money ‘gratis’, brings down his interest rate which is very true, and does destroy Shylock’s ability to make large sums of money at a time. So therefore, in reality, this monologue does not show him as a villain but more as a victim as he simply believes in his own human rights to treat others as he would like to be treated. Furthermore, when Shylock decides on the forfeit of the pound of flesh he isn’t being as unethical as one might immediately think as his lifelong abuse at the hands on Antonio and other Christians in make his life almost not worth living and therefore one could view it as a simple eye for an eye punishment to end Antonio’s profitable and enjoyable life. Moreover, many Jews would likely have been murdered in 16th century Venice at the hands of Christians simply because of their faith with little or no justice given so yet again this action could be seen as less of a cruel man with murderous intent but more as an action that attempts to right the many wrongs dealt to his people during that era throughout Europe. On the grounds of this it is much easier to see this action as one of a victim rather than that of a villain. To advance my argument I must now review Shylock’s abuse of power, as mentioned in the fourth paragraph. To me, this is perfectly justified as, to be frank, a dog doesn’t have money and a cur can’t lend 3,000 ducats and as Antonio and Bassanio have treated him as both of these, it is perfectly reasonable that he should find it frustrating that he is only approachable in a human way when the Christians have something to gain from the interaction ahead of them. I also think that Shylock’s power abuse, whilst some may consider it self-righteous or sanctimonious; I believe that it was actually the right thing to do in the circumstance as Antonio and Bassanio have humiliated him all his adult life and it might not be such a bad thing if they had a ‘taste of their own medicine’ or so to speak. Additionally, with Shylock’s outburst that he would rather have his daughter ‘dead at my foot, and the jewels in her ear’ than just to return alive. Whilst one could say that this is a very cold hearted thing to say about your own daughter, she has left him with all of his money, all of his precious possessions like rings and suchlike and made him the laughing stock of Venice. As if to add insult to injury, the man that she has eloped with is a Christian, the very people that Shylock despises the most. This Christian in particular is also friends with the very two men, Bassanio and Antonio who are making his life a misery at this very moment and throughout Shylock’s adult life. I also think that Shylock could have said something like this with such fury as a spur of the moment thing, and doesn’t actually mean it. However, even if Shylock did mean this, I don’t think that it would be as much of a horrific act as it could be interpreted as because his daughter, the only person in the world that he truly loves has left him, almost like a castaway escaping from a desert island and leaving a life-long companion behind. In addition to this, his daughter’s elopement also caused hi great embarrassment within both Jewish and Christian societies And finally, in response to my fifth paragraph, I see her statement that her house is hell as completely unreasonable as Shylock has spent his entire life balancing his life between being abused on the streets and being abused and hated at home by his daughter despite the fact that all of his actions made towards here will have been, however controlling they may have been, to protect here from the abuse that he receives. So, in conclusion, I believe that Shylock is more of a victim than a villain. In my opinion, Shylock was fully justified in making all of the decisions that may at first seem like villainous if one simply delves a bit deeper into Shylock’s past and all of the abuse and hardships that he has received. This is further illustrated by Al Pacino’s portrayal of Shylock at the end of the court case when his one bit of ‘good fortune’ is stripped away from him and he is forced to give up everything, both in terms of possessions and the way he lives his life. 1,710 words total.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

The Hudson RIver School Of Artist Essay Example For Students

The Hudson RIver School Of Artist Essay The Hudson River SchoolBy: David DiRenzoAP American History Block 2The Hudson River school represents the first native genre of distinctly American art. The school began to produce art works in the early 1820s; comprised of a group of loosely organized painters who took as their subject the unique naturalness of the undeveloped American continent, starting with the Hudson River region in New York, but eventually extending through space and time all the way to California and the 1870s. During the period, that the schools artists were active (c. 1820-1870) the nation was in the process of undergoing momentous political, social, and economic change. The works that the Hudson River School painters comprised reflected the changes that were taking place across the continent as well as the self-conceptualization taking place in an ever developing and ever changing America. We will write a custom essay on The Hudson RIver School Of Artist specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Many consider Thomas Cole to be the father of the Hudson River School because of an exhibition he had organized in New York City. The exhibition, which took place in 1825, displayed many of the paintings he had made during a trip up the Hudson River. Thomas Cole had the clearest vision of what the artists of the School were seeking to accomplish in their painting and how the images that they were creating complimented the American concept of national character. Ironically, Cole was not American by birth. Born in England in 1801, Cole did not immigrate to the United States until he was twenty years old. Cole wrote an essay titled: Essay on American Scenery, which was published in a prominent Colonial magazine. American Monthly published Coles essay in January of 1836. In the essay, Cole addressed nature as the characteristic that set America apart from Europe. Cole and the other artist that were part of the genre thought of the American continent as the Garden of Eden. Subsequently th ey developed their own individual iconography that was expressive of the vision that America was in fact a garden, which had been provincially set aside by god for his chosen people, the Americans. For instance, lakes represented the eye of the human countance a mirror reflecting the undertones of the rest of the landscape, and, most importantly, linking the sky to the earth. Thus, the linking of Sky and Earth was inferring to the feeling of closeness that one got as he looked upon the American Landscape and marveled at how close it made him feel to god. Like the French and Dutch artist, the Hudson River artists show man as a small part of a larger environment, but to different purpose. Mans small stature implies a harmony with nature as well as his place in Gods larger plan. The artists use the physical geology of America to show the vast differences between Europe and America they do this in the form of mountains. To Cole, the sky represented the soul of all scenery, the truly sub lime in the landscape as well as spirituality. The lack of ruins was one of the surest signs that America was both young and new and free of the corruption of monarchy. The corruption of monarchy was implied by the presence of ruins on the landscape. Cole wrote, You see no ruined tower to tell of outrage no gorgeous temple to speak of ostentation; but freedoms offspring peace security, and happiness, dwell there, the spirits of the scene.Storms had several different meanings. While they would eventually come to represent both the coming sectional crisis and tension over the encroaching technology that was threatening the landscape, their original purpose was to represent the dark and violent side of Mother Nature. Trees came to be thought of as the true heros of Hudson River art, thus is expressed in this quote from Cole. They are like menthey exhibit striking peculiarities, and sometimes grand originality. The trees of the American landscape have a primitive quality that sets them apart from Europe, and their autumnal color su rpasses all the world in gorgeousness. Water Falls came to represent the ever-changing American Landscape; this was accomplished on both a physical and a social platform. Many men have tried to out the work of the school in perspective one such man is Alexis de Tocqueville who observed many things about the American character, however American identification with nature was not one of the things that he observed. In fact, he thought that nature was primarily a European concern, of no interest to Americans. He wrote in Democracy in America: Europeans think a lot about the wild, open spaces of America, but the Americans themselves hardly give them a thought. This opinion, however, is contradicted by two facts. First, the Hudson River School had come into being to great critical and popular acclaim five years before Tocqueville arrived in the United States and ten years before Democracy in America was published. Second, these images and images like them were not solely the intellectual property of the cultural elite but were widely disseminated throughout the public through their publication in newspapers. The mass production of prints and as illustrations in American novels such as the Leather stocking Tales of James Fennimore Cooper, which concerned themselves, at least in part with the place of nature in the American experience. .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398 , .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398 .postImageUrl , .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398 , .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398:hover , .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398:visited , .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398:active { border:0!important; } .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398:active , .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398 .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u6e53a5a1bf963a8fda22f649c748d398:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Anne Frank EssayIn 1841, writing a review of James Fenimore Coopers Leatherstocking Tales, Honore de Balzac wrote The magical prose of Cooper not only embodies the spirit of the river, its shores, the forests and its trees; but it exhibits the minutes details, combined with the grandest outline. The vast solitudes, in which we penetrate, become in a moment deeply interestingWhen the spirit of solitude communes with us, when the first calm of these eternal shades pervades us, when we hover over this virgin vegetation, our hearts are filled with emotion. Balzac could just as easily been describing a painting by any Hudson River School artist. In those few sentences he captur ed not only their stylistic imprint attention to the minutest details on the grandest scale but also their desire to communicate the hand of divinity at work in the American landscape. It was not a new theme, but it was a uniquely American one, a theme that had its origin in the words of John Winthrop and the sermon that he delivered en route to New World aboard the Arabella in 1630. In A Modell of Christian Charity, Winthrop explained to his fellow Puritans To truly understand the immediate success and continuing popularity of the Hudson River School artists, it is necessary to fit their work into a larger cultural context. Thomas Cole in his Essay on American Scenery believed just the opposite. There is in the human mind, he wrote. An almost inseparable connection between the beautiful and the goodHe who looks on nature with a loving eyein gazing on the pure creations of the Almighty. Feels a calm religious tone steal through his mind, and when he has turned to mingle with his fe llow men, the chords which have been struck in that sweet communion cease not to vibrate. But the artists themselves were very aware of the destruction that threatened the natural landscape and the work of many of the later artists like Albert Bierstadt and Thomas Moran can be seen as attempts to recapture some of what had been lost to expansion and technology. Cole himself wrote, I cannot but express my sorrow that the beauty of such landscapes is passing away the ravages of the axe are daily increasing . In the course of its fifty-year history, the paintings of the Hudson River School spoke in symbolic language to both a great hopefulness and a wistful reminiscence of the American experiment. It also celebrated the primeval American landscape, the entrance of technology into that landscape, and eventually sorrow at its passing, and both a belief in a Provincially ordained destiny and the crisis of the Civil War. Despite, or perhaps because of this fluidity of meaning, these land scape paintings lay claim to an important place in American art history and in the American cultural consciousness. They represent the undeniable place that nature has and continues to occupy in the American imagination. Works ConsultedPrint ResourcesMilton Brown, Sam Hunter, John Jacobus, Naomi Rosenblum and David M. Sokol, American Art: Painting, Sculpture, Architecture, Decorative Arts, Photography, Englewood Cliffs, Prentice-Hall, 1979 Motley F. Deakin, The Home Books of the Picturesque: or American Scenery, Art, and Literature, Gainseville, Scholars Facsimiles and Reprints, 1967 Angela Miller, The Empire of the Eye: Landscape Representation and American Cultural Politics, 1825-1875, Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 1993 Perry Miller, Natures Nation, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1967 Barbara Novak, Nature and Culture: American Landscape Painting 1825-1875, New York, Oxford University Press, 1995 Jules David Prown, Nancy K. Anderson, William Cronon, Brian W. Dippie, Martha A. Sandweiss, Susan P. Schoelwer and Howard R. Lamar, Discovered Lands, Invented Pasts: Transforming Visions of the American West, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1992 John R. Stilgoe, Common Landscape of America: 150 8 to 1845, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1982 Web ResourcesVitaly Komar Alex Melamids Most Wanted Paintings on the Web: The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC:

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Ratan Tata free essay sample

Today, it has strength of 350,000 employees all over the world andan estimated annual turnover of $62 billion USD. Tata? s contribution to India? s GDP is nearly 5. 5% and 60% of its revenue comes from foreign countries. Tata group was always known for its business ethics and corporate governance. The Tata Group has spread its operations across six continents andmore than 80 countries. He elucidated the needs of remaining focused rather than diffused, and he insisted on more aggressive attitude towards the growth and market share . The aspiration which triggered off restructuring has been described as (a) Returns must be greater than cost of capital; (b) Each company must be the industry leader occupying one of the top three positions; and (c) The business identified must have potential for high growth and should be globally competitive (From the Internal Company Journal). Once the goal has been set, strategies were put together for exits and entries. We will write a custom essay sample on Ratan Tata or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page A new scientific and rational approach has been introduced in the company. This perfectly describes how an able entrepreneurs exercise their vision to motivate employees, inspire them to meet the challenges and to â€Å"facilitate their Attempts to achieve more than they thought possible as they strive to help the firm reach its vision† (Kuratko et al. 2001, p. 62). Ratan Tata chosen to shake off the businesses of soaps and toiletries, cosmetics, consumer electronics, pharmaceuticals, computer and telecom hardware, branded white goods, paints, oil exploration services, cement, textiles, likewise enthusiastic on his spreading out into lucrative businesses like passenger cars, auto components, retailing, telecom, power and insurance(Lala,2004). Ratan Tata free essay sample Land Rover might present an even more daunting challenge for Ratan Tata. It would be an uphill climb to restore Jaguar’s luxury cachet, which was damaged by sharing basic designs with Ford. As the organization gets bigger and more diverse, talent and retaining the value system will pose the biggest challenge in Tata Group (Engardio and Lakshman 2007) 2. 2 Long Term Succession â€Å"is a problem†. Ratan Tata is 69 years old, not married and has two dogs at his beachfront home he designed himself. He commands most Tata companies, which makes his failure to designate a successor all the more disconcerting. In Asian culture, the eldest son will take over the family business, however Tata is not married therefore he does not have any family members to take over his empire. Ratan, who is single and childless, could be the last Tata to oversee the group. His younger brother and three half-sisters aren’t involved in Tata business; his reclusive half-brother is unclear whether he’s tycoon timber (Engardio and Lakshman 2007). We will write a custom essay sample on Ratan Tata or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Ratan Tata public listed his companies, which also means his empire will still be ongoing after his departure. However, by public listing it, Tata is afraid he might lose control of his business and being so power-oriented, he dislikes his business to be controlled by others. Slimming the group down is also another problem Tata encountered. He set out to reduce scores of companies to just a dozen but have not succeeded, with nearly 100 companies with 300 subsidiaries in 40 businesses. Being a passionate promoter of CSR could also be a problem. Tata Steel spends millions annually on education, health and agricultural development projects in 800 nearby villages. Such generosity will be put to the test now that Tata owns struggling Corus, with $7. 4 billion in debt and absorbing Corus’ higher-cost operations will weaken margins. Tata were unable to give guarantees to Corus workers that they will remain competitive and jobs will not be cut. Tata were also slammed with difficulties in translating principles into the British and European context (Engardio and Lakshman 2007).